Throughout all dogs there is a risk of chronic kidney failure. When it happens, the body is no longer able to remove the wastes from the dog’s body in the form of urine and toxins will start to build up which can lead to a number of illness symptoms.
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Dogs that might be suffering from kidney failure will often show an increased thirst followed by excessive drinking and increased urination. They will also show severe lethargy and may even start vomiting with a strong, fetid odor in their vomit and their normal breath. They will also stop eating as much and show signs of weakness as a result. They could also show signs of depression and may lose general coordination while walking.
Who Suffers from Kidney Failure
While all dogs can suffer from kidney failure, certain breeds are more susceptible than others. Breeds with high kidney failure rates include:
- Bull Terrier
- Cocker Spaniel
- Lhasa Apso
- German Shepherd
- Shit Tzu
- Cairn Terrier
- Norwegian Elkhound
- Golden Retriever
- Wheaten Terrier
- Doberman Pinscher
Additionally, there are a number of diseases that can lead to kidney failure including excess toxins in the body, bad blood flow, infections, various inflammations, cancer, or other immune system problems.
Treatment for Kidney Failure
There is not actual cure for kidney failure, but early diagnosis can help in treatment. Usually, treatment includes advanced fluid therapy, careful management of blood abnormalities with IV drugs, special diet with phosphorous and protein restrictions, as much water as the dog can drink and special care to make sure they have everything they need. They may also need anemia management and vomiting control with special drugs.
It is generally not recommended that you treat your dog at home for renal failure – you should see a vet immediately.
There are no known ways to prevent renal failure. Make sure your dog can urinate and drink as much as he needs to and avoid any situations where he has access to ethylene glycol – a contributor to renal failure.