There is not much involved in making solar panels, and for anyone looking to create energy sources of their own, an investment here can pay dividends within a matter of days.
The solar panel is essentially a series of linked cells that create a current that can be stored and released as electrical energy. It is possible to build the cells from scratch, but when anyone is interested in making solar panels the best idea is to go online and check out surplus stocks and auction sites. In this article we look at some of those that are available and the plusses and minuses.
It seems that prices and quality can vary dramatically. US$1.20 is about the current average for a solar panel cell, but those from China have recently been beset with quality and supply problems so beware.
The range of types seems endless, but for most homeowners making solar panels photovoltaic cells, amorphous silicon or crystalline units will be required.
Avoid those dipped in wax as they will be more difficult to work with and potentially less efficient. Some of the other materials needed can be sourced from the same suppliers to get the project underway with one stop shopping.
Tabbing wire, ribbon wire, flux pens, solder, eva glue, waterproof encapsulaters, blocking diodes and the boxes for housing are easily available to make assembly simple. Of course if anyone wants to take a short cut they can just buy a readymade solar panel. From the above material,s making solar panels will take a few hours to construct and the tools required can be found in most home workshops.
The usual plan is to lay out the cells in a 6×6 formation and glue them to a backing board. Then just solder the tabbing wire in series to link the cells with the blocking diodes at the end to stop the chance of electricity flowing back from the storage battery at night when the cells are obviously inactive.
Set this in a box with a well insulated reverse side, and cover the top with a clear plastic lid to keep this waterproof. The addition of silicone grouting will make the whole unit even more waterproof. All that needs to be done then is to link the wiring to a storage battery, most people use a simple 12 volt unit which is effective and easy to store.
Making solar panels may sound simple and it is. Kit sets are available with instructions and even videos that make the process of making solar panels even easier. Systems such as these have been around for several decades but new technology and advanced production techniques have resulted in reliable units that are both cheap and functional.
Reliability problems are now almost a thing of the past as units were developed to operate in wilderness areas and in outer space. The other benefit to making solar panels is that the skills learned will make the infrequent need for maintenance even easier to do.
The ultimate benefit will see reduced power bills for the homeowner and independence in times where irregularities in supply from utility companies become even more likely. Solar energy is one of the true green energy sources that will always be with us for as long as the sun keeps shining.