Much like people, simple obesity is one of the most serious health problems that dogs get. As many as 40% of domestic dogs suffer from obesity and the worst part is that almost all of it is preventable. However, when a dog is allowed to remain obese for an extended period of time, they will start having trouble with basic exercise, develop breathing problems, and in the long term might suffer from diabetes, heart disease or organ failure.
Dogs that eat even 1% more calories than they need can suffer from obesity within just a few short years. To treat their obesity, you must maintain a careful, healthy diet over time. Most of the time, it is hard to recognize a dog is overweight without checking their weight at the vet and getting perspective on what they are supposed to weigh. However, severe obesity will come with symptoms like lethargy, breathing difficulties, coughing, or excess appetite.
Causes of Obesity
Obesity is caused purely by eating too much and exercising too little. There are additional diseases that can cause obesity, so it is good to see a vet if your dog is having any trouble losing weight. Most of the time, however, the simplest routine is to reduce caloric intake, cutting feedings back to set times throughout the day and removing all table scraps and treats. Additionally, make sure your dog gets the daily exercise he needs to maintain his weight level and not get too fat.
Fiber and water intake are also good to keep their bowels and digestive process moving. You should weigh your dog regularly to check their progress and see a vet on a regular basis to ensure no health issues are developing.